Treatment Options

Understanding Your Treatment Options

There are many different treatment options for prostate cancer. The treatment option that is right for you will depend on factors such as your age and the stage of your prostate cancer.

Ask your doctor about the best course of treatment for you. Give yourself time to absorb the information about the different treatment options you've discussed. Choosing the right treatment means balancing treatment effectiveness and potential side effects with other considerations in your life.

Treatment options to discuss with your doctor

Ask your doctor if one, or a combination, of these treatment options is right for you. Some options include:

  • Watchful waiting/active surveillance: One type of prostate cancer management in which the doctor closely monitors the growth and spread of the disease.
  • Radiation therapy: The use of high-energy X-rays to kill or shrink cancer cells.
  • Chemotherapy: This is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells.
  • Orchiectomy: This is surgery to remove the testicles. Also known as castration, it is only the removal of the testicles, not the sac of skin covering them (the scrotum), nor is it the removal of the penis.
  • Prostatectomy: There are several types of surgery available. For example, prostatectomy,
    where the entire prostate gland, along with some tissue surrounding it, is removed.
  • Hormone suppression therapy: A type of treatment that lowers levels of testosterone, a hormone that can cause cancer cells to grow. Once-yearly VANTAS® is a hormonal therapy that may help relieve the symptoms of advanced prostate cancer. VANTAS® is not a cure for prostate cancer.

Learn more about hormone suppression therapy and VANTAS®.